Important Conditions for Hybridisation

Conditions for Hybridisation:

1. Only orbitals of similar energies and belonging to the same atom or ion undergo hybridization. `

2. The number of hybrid orbitals formed is equal to the number of pure orbitals mixed during hybridization. Hybrid orbitals are produced by mixing one s and 3p(px, py, pz) pure orbitals.

3. The hybrid orbitals are distributed in space at a maximum distance apart due to electric repulsions.

4. A hybrid orbital that takes part in bond formation must contain one electron in it.

5. Hybrid bonds are stronger than non-hybrid bonds.

6. Hybrid orbitals follow Hund’s rule and Pauli’s Exclusion principle.