# Types of Laws of Friction

## 1. Laws of Static Friction:

1. The force of friction always acts in a direction, opposite to that in which the body tends to move.

2. The magnitude of the force of friction is exactly equal to the force, which tends the body to move.

3. The magnitude of the limiting friction (F) bears a constant ratio to the normal reation between the two surfaces. Mathematically,

F/RN = constant

4. The force of friction is independent of the area of contact between the two surfaces.

5. The force of friction depends upon the roughness of the surfaces.

## 2. Laws of Dynamic Friction:

1. The force of friction always acts in a direction opposite to that in which the body is moving.

2. The magnitude of the kinetic friction bears a constant ratio to the normal reaction between the two surfaces. But this ratio is slightly less than that in case of limiting friction.

3. For moderate speeds, the force of friction remains constant. But it decreases slightly with the increase of speed.

## 3. Laws of Solid Friction:

1. The force of friction is directly proportional to the normal load between the surfaces.

2. The force of friction is independent of the area of the contact surface for a given normal load.

3. The force of friction depends upon the material of which the contact surfaces are made.

4. The force of friction is independent of the velocity of sliding of one body relative to the other body.

## 4. Laws of Fluid Friction:

1. The force of friction is almost independent of the load.

2. The force of friction reduces with the increase of the temperature of the lubricant.

3. The force of friction is independent of the substances of the bearing surfaces.

4. The force friction is different for different lubricants.